Author: wryheat2

Arizona Active Mines FY 2021

The Arizona Geological Survey has just published a new report: Directory of Arizona’s Active Mines – FY2021. More than 400 mines, including nearly 300 aggregate facilities and 27 metallic mines/development projects were active in 2021. Other industrial mines (e.g. gypsum, cinders) make up the remainder. 

Arizona active mines 2021

See links to the full report and plates: http://repository.azgs.az.gov/uri_gin/azgs/dlio/2008

Facts on Climate and Energy

Gift your friends these facts on climate and energy

By Dr. Jay Lehr

Here is a list of basic truisms that might shock even you, our reader, that must be spread to stop the wave of economic suicidal thinking. Yes eliminating fossil fuels is a suicidal plan already under way in nations such as Canada, Australia and Germany that are entering energy desperation.

1- Talking about decarbonizing life would be the same as ending all life. All life on earth is carbon based.

2- When the left talks of carbon, they really mean carbon dioxide but they want you to envision soot and coal dust.

3- Carbon dioxide is under no circumstances a pollutant. It is a gas that allows plants to grow and animals to survive.

4- The concept of a carbon footprint is a fraud. It really describes how much carbon dioxide your life style emits.

5- At 420 parts per million (ppm) carbon dioxide in today’s atmosphere, we are finally out of danger of starving all plant life of this necessary gas. Plants can not survive when CO2 is below 150 ppm. We were perilously close to that concentration when the atmosphere had only 280ppm before World War II. Now agriculture and forestry are reaping significant benefits from the additional carbon dioxide in today’s atmosphere.

6- We have found no level of carbon dioxide which is injurious to human health. We know nuclear submarines travel around the world under water with an average of 5000 ppm of carbon dioxide in the air and no illness has ever occurred as a result.

7 – Renewable sources of energy such as wind and solar may be of value to your home if you have a wind mill or photovoltaic cells in your back yard or roof feeding electricity directly into your home. However no wind or solar power has any value to add power to an electric grid of which the US has three, East, West and Texas. The grids can never afford to depend on intermittent power contributions. Therefore for every kilowatt hour of power of wind or solar on the grid they must install an equal or greater amount of fossil fuel power running at 100% at all times ready to replace wind or solar when the wind does not blow at a proper speed or the sun does not shine. That is called the Ciccone/Lehr renewable electric energy Rule of Thumb.

8- All the wind and solar power attached to an electric grid add no power at all, only the cost of constructing the backup fossil fuel power.

9- All nations that have invested heavily in wind or solar are seeing their energy costs skyrocket and brownouts and blackouts become more common.

10-No scientist not competing for government funding believes that the impact of carbon dioxide on the Earth’s temperature is other than insignificant. But many continue to search for whatever small impact might exist. This gives the the left a chance to argue in favor of a larger impact. None has been proven to exist.

11- The Green New Deal promoted by socialists, leftists, Marxists and environmental radicals is intended to bring all activities of our lives under government control when insufficient energy must be rationed.

12- No productive society can be run on intermittent wind and solar power, but the effort to do so will injure every member of society except those hoping to become its rulers.

13- Every claim that continued use of coal, natural gas and oil is dangerous to society is totally false. However it is intended to scare the masses with little ability to reason critically.

14- The Earth’s temperature has varied since the Earth was formed billions of years ago, long before Homo sapiens walked the Earth. Currently the increasing amounts of carbon dioxide have a small and insignificant impact on the Earth’s temperature . We’re the CO2 concentration of 420 parts per million (ppm) to double to 840 PPM in the coming century it could produce an increased temperature of one degree Celsius which would be beneficial to all life on Earth.

15- Human caused global temperature change is the greatest fraud ever perpetrated on society.

16- In the 1970s many believed the Earth was cooling and every popular magazine had illustrations of coming ice ages. When cooling did not occur and the scare ended, power seekers changed their tune to global warming whose fear mongering still exists today. However a large number of climatologists now do believe that in about two decades the Earth may cool a small and manageable amount.

17- No computer model has ever correctly predicted the Earths’ temperature a decade into the future and yet radicals want us to change our economy based on model predictions a century into the future.

18- The effort to eliminate all coal, natural gas and oil is a world wide effort by those who desire a one world socialist government.

19- Most of the billionaires who control our media, lack only one thing in their lives, which is the power to run your life and the world. They already have all the possessions money can buy. They believe that having been smart enough to build companies to amass such wealth they are smart enough to run our lives better than we can.

20- While so many people think only of fuel and energy when they desire to eliminate coal, natural gas and oil from our lives, they fail to recognize that over 6000 products require derivatives from oil. Likely 80% of the items in the room in which you are reading this essay would not exist without products derived from hydrocarbons.

21- Nearly every year the United Nations holds a conference to discuss climate change. They are titled Conferences Of Parties or COPs. To date 26 have been held, the latest convened in Glasgow , Scotland in November, 2021. Their purpose is to discuss the elimination of fossil fuels and thereby reduce the increase in the Earth’s temperature based on mathematical models. Each year they request billions of dollars in reparations from the countries who have emitted large quantities of carbon dioxide. These funds are to be given to each undeveloped country to repair claimed damage from other countries CO2 emissions of which no harm has been proven. Details were partially established at the Paris Accord which was COP 15. To date little money has been given or received and each meeting is like the last in which as many as 25,000 bureaucrats assemble at lush vacation spots to discuss a fantasy now labeled The Theater of the Absurd by this author.

22- No greater force behind promoting human caused climate change is the United Nations who wishes to enhance its power over all counties of the world.

23- The vast majority of materials required to build wind turbines and solar power systems are made in China.

(Source)

See also:

Why Reducing Carbon Dioxide Emissions from Burning Fossil Fuel Will Have No Effect on Climate

People for the West Newsletter December 2021

The People for the West newsletter for December, 2021, is now online:

https://wryheat.wordpress.com/people-for-the-west/2021-archive/2021-12-december/

In this issue we examine points about the state of the union, energy, climate, and more.

On page 1 we ask: “Since our carbon dioxide emissions from burning fossil fuels make up just 0.13% to total greenhouse gases, why do we have to eliminate them?”

“If there is one thing the world should take away from the Glasgow COP26 [climate] summit, it’s that the most dangerous greenhouse-gas emissions come from the front ends of politicians, not the back ends of cows…”

Near the end of the newsletter, we note the good health benefits of coffee and red wine.

 

Merry Christmas and Happy New Year,

Jonathan

Why reducing carbon dioxide emissions from burning fossil fuel will have no effect on climate

Politicians and international organizations think we can stop climate change by eliminating 0.13% of the greenhouse gas in the atmosphere in spite of the fact that climate has been changing all by itself for four billions years. “…the most dangerous greenhouse-gas emissions come from the front ends of politicians, not the back ends of cows…” – Walter Russell Mead

The “greenhouse effect” is proposed as an atmospheric “blanket” that keeps Earth warm. However, the term “greenhouse effect” with respect to the atmosphere is an unfortunate analogy because it is misleading. The interior of a real greenhouse (or your automobile parked with windows closed and left in the sun) heats up because there is a physical barrier to convective heat loss. There is no such physical barrier in the atmosphere. The greenhouse hypothesis deals only with heat transfer by radiation and conduction, but completely ignores convective heat transfer. Convective heat transfer in the atmosphere shreds the alleged “blanket.”

In short, the “greenhouse effect” is this:

Solar radiation, mostly short-wave radiation, passes through the atmosphere and warms the surface. In turn, the heated surface re-radiates energy as long-wave infrared radiation back to the atmosphere and eventually, back to space.

Greenhouse gases in the atmosphere intercept specific wavelengths of the long-wave infrared radiation and transfer some of the energy to excite (warm) other molecules in the atmosphere, some of the radiation goes back to warm the surface, and some of the radiation is radiated into space. Once all or most of a specific long-wave infrared radiation wavelength is intercepted (become saturated), additional amounts of a greenhouse gas will have no effect. Carbon dioxide reaches saturation at about 280 parts per million (ppm). Currently carbon dioxide is at 413 ppm. (Source)

The major greenhouse gases, water vapor, carbon dioxide, and methane, represent about 2% of the atmosphere. Water vapor comprises 95% of total greenhouse gases in the atmosphere. Carbon dioxide comprises 4% of total greenhouse gas. Human carbon dioxide emissions represent just 3.4% of atmospheric carbon dioxide, or 0.13% of the total greenhouse gas. (Source)

Do you think that eliminating 0.13% of greenhouse gas can significantly effect global temperature? I think not.

This table from Geocraft shows more detail (and slightly different) data about greenhouse gases:

03-Antropogenic contribution to greenhouse effect

 

Additional Reading:

A Review of the state of Climate Science

The Broken Greenhouse – Why Co2 Is a Minor Player in Global Climate

A Summary of Earth’s Climate History-a Geologist’s View

Problems with wind and solar generation of electricity – a review

The “Social Cost of Carbon” Scam Revisited

ATMOSPHERIC CO2: a boon for the biosphere

Carbon dioxide is necessary for life on Earth

Methane- The Irrelevant Greenhouse Gas

Biden Unveils Costly Oil And Gas Rules To Cut Methane Emissions At COP26

by Jeff Mordock, Washington Times

The Biden administration presented sweeping regulations targeting the oil and gas industry in an effort to cut back on the emission of methane. (Read more 

Biden claimed that methane “amounts to half of the global warming we’re experiencing today.”
 Both Biden and the author of the story above ignore some facts. Most atmospheric methane come from rice cultivation, termites, and cattle. Rice growing produces methane gas by feeding microbes that live under the rice paddies. Termites and cattle produce methane during their digestive process.

About the hypothetical greenhouse effect:

Solar radiation, mostly short-wave radiation, passes through the atmosphere and warms the surface. In turn, the heated surface re-radiates energy as long-wave infrared radiation back to the atmosphere and eventually, back to space.

Greenhouse gases in the atmosphere intercept some of the long-wave infrared radiation and transfer some of the energy to excite (warm) other molecules in the atmosphere, some of the radiation goes back to the surface, and some of the radiation is radiated into space.

The major greenhouse gas is water vapor which absorbs almost all wavelengths of infrared radiation. Carbon dioxide absorbs four specific wavelengths of infrared radiation, three of which are also absorbed by water vapor. Other minor greenhouse gases are oxygen and ozone, methane, and nitrous oxide.

Once a particular wavelength becomes saturated, i.e., almost completely absorbed, additional quantities of greenhouse gases have no effect.

According to an article by Dr. Tom Sheahen:

Methane is only 0.00017% (1.7 parts per million) of the atmosphere. Moreover, both of its absorption bands occur at wavelengths where water vapor is already absorbing almost all of the radiation. Hence, any radiation that methane might have absorbed has already been absorbed by water vapor. The ratio of the percentages of water to methane is such that the effects of methane are completely masked by water vapor. (Source)

 

Methane is just another global warming boogeyman because it has almost no effect on global warming.

 

See also: Arctic Methane Scare – Cancelled

 

A Review of the state of Climate Science

The Broken Greenhouse – Why Co2 Is a Minor Player in Global Climate

A Summary of Earth’s Climate History-a Geologist’s View

Problems with wind and solar generation of electricity – a review

The “Social Cost of Carbon” Scam Revisited

ATMOSPHERIC CO2: a boon for the biosphere

Carbon dioxide is necessary for life on Earth

Impact of the Paris Climate Accord and why Trump was right to drop it

New study shows that carbon dioxide is responsible for only seven percent of the greenhouse effect

Six Issues the Promoters of the Green New Deal Have Overlooked

https://wryheat.files.wordpress.com/2019/04/climate-change-in-perspective-2019.pdf

 

People for the West newsletter for November 2021 now online

For the newsletter, see:

2021-11 NOVEMBER

This issue examines policies of the Biden administration with regard to economics, energy, climate and other subjects.

At the bottom of the newsletter is a link to a new website which has compiled scientific papers about COVID. In particular, it examines drugs such as ivermectin which have been used widely in other countries but which have been made not readily available in the U.S. probably due to “big pharma.”

Old Farmer’s Almanac Predicts Cold Winter for U.S.

Old Farmers winter 2021-2022

The Old Farmer’s Almanac predicts a “Season of Shivers” for most of the U.S. for the winter of 2021-2022. OFA has been doing this for 230 years and has an accuracy of 80%.  Their method depends on observing solar cycles which also affects longer-term weather patterns such as the North Atlantic Oscillation (NAO), the Pacific/North American Index (PNA), and ENSO (La Niña/El Niño).

The IPCC ( Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change) ignores solar cycles and uses the greenhouse effect as their main imput. The IPCC, even after spending billions of dollars, has never accurately predicted climate changes—and they admit it.

See full OFA article here.

See also:

Wryheat Climate articles:

A Review of the state of Climate Science

The Broken Greenhouse – Why Co2 Is a Minor Player in Global Climate

A Summary of Earth’s Climate History-a Geologist’s View

Problems with wind and solar generation of electricity – a review

The “Social Cost of Carbon” Scam Revisited

ATMOSPHERIC CO2: a boon for the biosphere

Carbon dioxide is necessary for life on Earth

Impact of the Paris Climate Accord and why Trump was right to drop it

New study shows that carbon dioxide is responsible for only seven percent of the greenhouse effect

Six Issues the Promoters of the Green New Deal Have Overlooked

https://wryheat.files.wordpress.com/2019/04/climate-change-in-perspective-2019.pdf

 

Bottom line: Man-made carbon dioxide emissions pose no danger regarding global temperature nor climate. All efforts to reduce emissions are futile and will impose massive economic self-harm to Western Nations.

What you should know about civil asset forfeiture

Report on Civil Asset Forfeiture Aimed at Helping People Avoid Government Injustice

by Dan Greenberg, Competitive Enterprise Institute

A new Competitive Enterprise Institute report calls attention to a government injustice impacting too many Americans: civil asset forfeiture. The report offers advice to citizens on how to reduce risk of property seizure by law enforcement officials, such as during traffic stops, and explains how government succeeds in seizing and keeping personal property even without a criminal conviction. (Read full report – 66 pages)

Here is the executive summary:

Law enforcement officers in the United States seize billions of dollars in cash and other personal property from members of the public every year. Most of this seized property is eventually forfeited to state and federal governments. These seizures and forfeitures rarely require proof of criminal conduct; rather, they often rest merely on the suspicion that the property in question is related to a crime. As critics of these practices have noted, seizure and forfeiture sometimes result in confiscation of the property of innocent, law-abiding civilians. Furthermore, because the proceeds of forfeiture typically go straight to law enforcement budgets, this creates perverse incentives that make it more likely that law enforcement officers and prosecutors might devote disproportionate effort to this endeavor.

This paper explains how seizure and forfeiture work. More precisely, it contains an account of the relatively minimal legal protections that law-abiding civilians have against both seizure and forfeiture. The paper also provides strategies that the law-abiding civilian can use to reduce the chance of having property seized while traveling.

Recent seismic excitement in the area of the 1887 Great Sonoran Earthquake

From the Arizona Geological Survey:

On July 31, 2021, a magnitude (M) 5.2 earthquake occurred in northeastern Sonora, in the area where the Great Sonoran earthquake occurred in 1887. This earthquake is the largest in that area for many decades, probably for more than 100 years. In addition, several M3-3.5 earthquakes occurred in the following weeks 100 km to the north in the bootheel of New Mexico. (read more)

See also: The Great Arizona-Sonora Earthquake of 1887