Miscellaneous Stories

Climate at a glance for teachers and students

climate at a glance

The Heartland Institute is one of the world’s leading free-market think tanks. It is a national nonprofit research and education organization based in Arlington Heights, Illinois. Its mission since its founding in 1984 is to discover, develop, and promote free-market solutions to social and economic problems.

Heartland has just published a new book on climate issues. As described by Heartland:

“Over the past half-century, politicians, pundits, and academics have been making wildly incorrect claims about the causes and consequences of climate change, confusing and misleading millions of people around the world. Students and their teachers are not immune to these problems. In fact, in many ways, they’ve been the biggest victims of climate change misinformation. In Climate at a Glance for Teachers and Students: Facts on 30 Prominent Climate Topics, authors Anthony Watts and James Taylor use cold, hard facts and well-established data to debunk some of the most prominent climate myths. This easy-to-read book is perfect for teachers and students interested in learning the truth about climate change and its impacts.”

The book is available at Amazon here as a paperback book for $9.99. It is also available as a free PDF download (82 pages) at https://www.heartland.org/_template-assets/documents/Books/CaaG-2022.pdf

I recommend this book.

Heartland maintains two climate specific websites:

Climate at a glance and Climate Realism Give them a look.

See also:

A Review of the state of Climate Science

The Broken Greenhouse – Why Co2 Is a Minor Player in Global Climate

A Summary of Earth’s Climate History-a Geologist’s View

Problems with wind and solar generation of electricity – a review

The “Social Cost of Carbon” Scam Revisited

ATMOSPHERIC CO2: a boon for the biosphere

Carbon dioxide is necessary for life on Earth

The April, 2022, issue of People for the West newsletter is now online

click on:


Included is this issue are essays and articles about the state of the union and the politics of energy and climate policy such as:

Growing old in a country you no longer recognize.

What Electric Vehicles Require – not so green – the story of what it takes to supply the batteries

Geology and History of the Globe-Miami Mining Region

The Arizona Geological Survey has just published a new paper by David Briggs:

Geology and History of the Globe-Miami Mining Region

Copper mining in the Globe-Miami Mining Region of Arizona’s Copper Triangle spans more than 150 years. In the Arizona Territory, the Globe-Miami Mining Region evolved from a small, insignificant silver camp into one of America’s largest copper producers. The first reported copper production in Globe-Miami Mining Region occurred at the Hoosier mine in 1878 only nine years after silver was discovered. Globe-Miami’s largest early copper producer, the Old Dominion mine, commenced operations during the spring of 1882. Prior to 1911, most of the copper production was derived from high-grade copper veins located in the southern portion of the Globe Hills. During these early years, the major challenges to the development of the area’s vast copper resources were related to its location in a remote mountainous region that made access to eastern markets difficult. High shipping costs to a distant railhead by wagon limited production to only the highest grade ores, making these early operations marginally profitable and vulnerable to minor fluctuations in the price of copper. These impediments were largely resolved with the arrival of the Gila Valley, Globe and Northern Railroad at Globe in December 1898.

Paper citation: Geology and History of the Globe-Miami Mining Region, Gila and Pinal Counties, Arizona. Arizona Geological Survey Contributed Report CR-22-B, 243 p.

Link to full paper: http://repository.azgs.az.gov/sites/default/files/dlio/files/nid2010/cr-22-bglobe-miami.pdf

Other papers by David Briggs:

Helvetia-Rosemont Arizona’s Hardscrabble Mining Camp

History of the Christmas Mine, Gila County, AZ

History of the Ajo Mining District, Pima County, Arizona 

History of the Warren (Bisbee) Mining District

History of the San Manuel-Kalamazoo Mine, Pinal County, Arizona

Recovery of Copper by Solution Mining Techniques

Superior, Arizona – An Old Mining Camp with Many Lives

History of the Copper Mountain (Morenci) Mining District

History of Helvetia-Rosemont Mining District, Pima County, Arizona

History of the Silver bell mining district

The men, mines, and geology of the Verde Mining District, Jerome, Arizona

Arizona Active Mines FY 2021

The Arizona Geological Survey has just published a new report: Directory of Arizona’s Active Mines – FY2021. More than 400 mines, including nearly 300 aggregate facilities and 27 metallic mines/development projects were active in 2021. Other industrial mines (e.g. gypsum, cinders) make up the remainder. 

Arizona active mines 2021

See links to the full report and plates: http://repository.azgs.az.gov/uri_gin/azgs/dlio/2008

Facts on Climate and Energy

Gift your friends these facts on climate and energy

By Dr. Jay Lehr

Here is a list of basic truisms that might shock even you, our reader, that must be spread to stop the wave of economic suicidal thinking. Yes eliminating fossil fuels is a suicidal plan already under way in nations such as Canada, Australia and Germany that are entering energy desperation.

1- Talking about decarbonizing life would be the same as ending all life. All life on earth is carbon based.

2- When the left talks of carbon, they really mean carbon dioxide but they want you to envision soot and coal dust.

3- Carbon dioxide is under no circumstances a pollutant. It is a gas that allows plants to grow and animals to survive.

4- The concept of a carbon footprint is a fraud. It really describes how much carbon dioxide your life style emits.

5- At 420 parts per million (ppm) carbon dioxide in today’s atmosphere, we are finally out of danger of starving all plant life of this necessary gas. Plants can not survive when CO2 is below 150 ppm. We were perilously close to that concentration when the atmosphere had only 280ppm before World War II. Now agriculture and forestry are reaping significant benefits from the additional carbon dioxide in today’s atmosphere.

6- We have found no level of carbon dioxide which is injurious to human health. We know nuclear submarines travel around the world under water with an average of 5000 ppm of carbon dioxide in the air and no illness has ever occurred as a result.

7 – Renewable sources of energy such as wind and solar may be of value to your home if you have a wind mill or photovoltaic cells in your back yard or roof feeding electricity directly into your home. However no wind or solar power has any value to add power to an electric grid of which the US has three, East, West and Texas. The grids can never afford to depend on intermittent power contributions. Therefore for every kilowatt hour of power of wind or solar on the grid they must install an equal or greater amount of fossil fuel power running at 100% at all times ready to replace wind or solar when the wind does not blow at a proper speed or the sun does not shine. That is called the Ciccone/Lehr renewable electric energy Rule of Thumb.

8- All the wind and solar power attached to an electric grid add no power at all, only the cost of constructing the backup fossil fuel power.

9- All nations that have invested heavily in wind or solar are seeing their energy costs skyrocket and brownouts and blackouts become more common.

10-No scientist not competing for government funding believes that the impact of carbon dioxide on the Earth’s temperature is other than insignificant. But many continue to search for whatever small impact might exist. This gives the the left a chance to argue in favor of a larger impact. None has been proven to exist.

11- The Green New Deal promoted by socialists, leftists, Marxists and environmental radicals is intended to bring all activities of our lives under government control when insufficient energy must be rationed.

12- No productive society can be run on intermittent wind and solar power, but the effort to do so will injure every member of society except those hoping to become its rulers.

13- Every claim that continued use of coal, natural gas and oil is dangerous to society is totally false. However it is intended to scare the masses with little ability to reason critically.

14- The Earth’s temperature has varied since the Earth was formed billions of years ago, long before Homo sapiens walked the Earth. Currently the increasing amounts of carbon dioxide have a small and insignificant impact on the Earth’s temperature . We’re the CO2 concentration of 420 parts per million (ppm) to double to 840 PPM in the coming century it could produce an increased temperature of one degree Celsius which would be beneficial to all life on Earth.

15- Human caused global temperature change is the greatest fraud ever perpetrated on society.

16- In the 1970s many believed the Earth was cooling and every popular magazine had illustrations of coming ice ages. When cooling did not occur and the scare ended, power seekers changed their tune to global warming whose fear mongering still exists today. However a large number of climatologists now do believe that in about two decades the Earth may cool a small and manageable amount.

17- No computer model has ever correctly predicted the Earths’ temperature a decade into the future and yet radicals want us to change our economy based on model predictions a century into the future.

18- The effort to eliminate all coal, natural gas and oil is a world wide effort by those who desire a one world socialist government.

19- Most of the billionaires who control our media, lack only one thing in their lives, which is the power to run your life and the world. They already have all the possessions money can buy. They believe that having been smart enough to build companies to amass such wealth they are smart enough to run our lives better than we can.

20- While so many people think only of fuel and energy when they desire to eliminate coal, natural gas and oil from our lives, they fail to recognize that over 6000 products require derivatives from oil. Likely 80% of the items in the room in which you are reading this essay would not exist without products derived from hydrocarbons.

21- Nearly every year the United Nations holds a conference to discuss climate change. They are titled Conferences Of Parties or COPs. To date 26 have been held, the latest convened in Glasgow , Scotland in November, 2021. Their purpose is to discuss the elimination of fossil fuels and thereby reduce the increase in the Earth’s temperature based on mathematical models. Each year they request billions of dollars in reparations from the countries who have emitted large quantities of carbon dioxide. These funds are to be given to each undeveloped country to repair claimed damage from other countries CO2 emissions of which no harm has been proven. Details were partially established at the Paris Accord which was COP 15. To date little money has been given or received and each meeting is like the last in which as many as 25,000 bureaucrats assemble at lush vacation spots to discuss a fantasy now labeled The Theater of the Absurd by this author.

22- No greater force behind promoting human caused climate change is the United Nations who wishes to enhance its power over all counties of the world.

23- The vast majority of materials required to build wind turbines and solar power systems are made in China.


See also:

Why Reducing Carbon Dioxide Emissions from Burning Fossil Fuel Will Have No Effect on Climate

People for the West Newsletter December 2021

The People for the West newsletter for December, 2021, is now online:


In this issue we examine points about the state of the union, energy, climate, and more.

On page 1 we ask: “Since our carbon dioxide emissions from burning fossil fuels make up just 0.13% to total greenhouse gases, why do we have to eliminate them?”

“If there is one thing the world should take away from the Glasgow COP26 [climate] summit, it’s that the most dangerous greenhouse-gas emissions come from the front ends of politicians, not the back ends of cows…”

Near the end of the newsletter, we note the good health benefits of coffee and red wine.


Merry Christmas and Happy New Year,


People for the West newsletter for November 2021 now online

For the newsletter, see:

2021-11 NOVEMBER

This issue examines policies of the Biden administration with regard to economics, energy, climate and other subjects.

At the bottom of the newsletter is a link to a new website which has compiled scientific papers about COVID. In particular, it examines drugs such as ivermectin which have been used widely in other countries but which have been made not readily available in the U.S. probably due to “big pharma.”

The Biden Administration Has Swallowed the “Climate Kool-Aid”

The Biden administration thinks they can stop global warming (aka climate change) by eliminating carbon dioxide emissions from burning fossil fuels and switching electrical generation to wind and solar installations. Biden says “follow the science.” If he did follow the science he would realize that there is no physical evidence that carbon dioxide plays a significant role in controlling global temperature (see posts at the end of this article).

Biden wants 80% hydrocarbon-free electricity generation by 2030, 100% by 2035 and elimination of fossil fuels from all sectors of the U.S. economy by 2050.

According to Paul Driessen (senior policy analyst for the Committee For A Constructive Tomorrow), “ this would send the nation’s annual electricity requirement soaring from about 2.7 billion megawatt-hours (the fossil fuel portion of total U.S. electricity) to almost 7.5 billion MWh per year by 2050. Substantial additional generation would be required to constantly recharge backup batteries for windless, sunless days, to safeguard society against blackouts, cyberattacks and wholesale collapse. Generating all that electricity without new nuclear and hydroelectric plants would require tens of thousands of 850-foot-tall offshore wind turbines, hundreds of thousands (perhaps millions) of somewhat smaller onshore turbines, and billions of photovoltaic solar panels. All these turbines, panels, batteries and power lines would require tens of billions of tons of non-renewable iron, copper, aluminum, cobalt, lithium, rare earth elements, plastics, limestone and other materials. That would necessitate mining, crushing, processing, refining and transporting tens of billions of tons of ores – from thousands of mines and quarries, using gigantic gasoline and diesel equipment – followed by smelting and manufacturing, all with fossil fuels. None of this is clean, green or sustainable.”

So, how is “global warming” doing. We can consult with Dr. Roy Spencer who manages the Advanced Microwave Scanning Radiometer flying on NASA’s Aqua satellite. This satellite system measures global atmospheric temperature daily. The latest results are seen here:

You should notice that global atmospheric temperatures in April, May, and June, 2021, were below the 1991-2020 average and similar to temperatures in 1983. According to the Global Monitoring Laboratory of NOAA at Mauna Loa, Hawaii, atmospheric carbon dioxide was about 340ppm in 1983 versus about 418ppm now. Although there has been deviation from the average due to things like the El Nino-La Nina cycles, there has not been any overall warming in spite of the increase in carbon dioxide.

Biden and other climate alarmists have swallowed the climate “Kool-Aid” and claim that reducing just one, small, insignificant factor will be the panacea in controlling global temperature, but it’s not that simple:

“The forcings that drive long-term climate change are not known with an accuracy sufficient to define future climate change.” — James Hansen, “Climate forcings in the Industrial era”, PNAS, Vol. 95, Issue 22, 12753-12758, October 27, 1998.

“In climate research and modeling, we should recognize that we are dealing with a coupled non-linear chaotic system, and therefore that the prediction of a specific future climate state is not possible.” — Final chapter,Third Assessment Report, IPCC 2000.

While controlling CO2 emissions from burning fossil fuels may have some beneficial effects on air quality, it will have no measurable effect on climate, but great detrimental effects on the economy and our standard of living. The greatest danger of climate change is that politicians think they can stop it. But the climate has always been in a state of flux. In my opinion, the debate over global warming is truly a scam designed to control (and tax) production and use of energy from fossil fuels.

The alleged “climate crisis” is just a scam perpetrated for political gain.
“The whole aim of practical politics is to keep the populace alarmed (and hence clamorous to be led to safety) by menacing it with an endless series of hobgoblins, all of them imaginary.” —H. L. Mencken (1880-1956)

(Note to younger readers: The term “Kool-Aid” used in this context refers to cult leader Jim Jones who, on November 18, 1978, instructed all members living in the Jonestown, Guyana compound to commit an act of “revolutionary suicide,” by drinking poisoned punch. Link )

For the real science, see these articles from my blog:

A Review of the state of Climate Science

A Summary of Earth’s Climate History-a Geologist’s View

Problems with wind and solar generation of electricity – a review

The “Social Cost of Carbon” Scam Revisited

ATMOSPHERIC CO2: a boon for the biosphere

Carbon dioxide is necessary for life on Earth

Impact of the Paris Climate Accord and why Trump was right to drop it

New study shows that carbon dioxide is responsible for only seven percent of the greenhouse effect

Six Issues the Promoters of the Green New Deal Have Overlooked